J. Infertil. Reprod. Biol.

Volume 7, Issue 3, 2019



The Asthenozoospermia as a Major Sperm Abnormality of People Received in Institute Pasteur of Cote d'Ivoire for a Semen Analysis

Journal of Infertility and reproductive Biology, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 17-20, | Full Text in PDF and HTML (267 KB)|


Ayekoue Jules Erick Hermann1,2, N’zi Konan Guy Sylvère1,2, Yayé Yapi Guillaume1,3*, Coulibaly Founzégué Amadou1,2, N’guessan Marie-Florence,2, Bahi Gnogbo Alexis1,2, Meité Souleymane2, Djaman Allico Joseph1,2


1- Laboratoire de Pharmacodynamie-Biochimique, UFR Biosciences, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny Abidjan-Cocody, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22 (Côte d’Ivoire)

2- Département de Biochimie Médicale et Fondamentale, Institut Pasteur de Côte d’Ivoire, 01 BP490 Abidjan 01 (Côte d’Ivoire)

3- Département de Biochimie-Microbiologie, UFR Agroforesterie, Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, BP 150 Daloa (Côte d’Ivoire)



Abstract: Background: The male infertility is on the increase around the world therefore is getting more attention in several studies in order to improve on its treatment management. This work, which is a contribution to the setting up of epidemiological and biological data, focused to draw a general profile of male infertility in Côte d'Ivoire. Methods: This prospective and descriptive study involved 401 men's sperm obtained through masturbation after three days of abstinence. Thus, after analysis of the information contained in the cards accompanying the samples and the spermogram and spermocytogram analyzes, it appears that the average age of the men in this study is 39.97 years. Results: The average duration of infertility is 6.66 years and 35.16 % of these men are in the informal sector composed mostly of traders. Primary infertility was the leading cause of consultation with 55.61 % of cases. The spermatic abnormalities considered showed a predominance of asthenozoospermia with 20.7 % of cases and a significant relationship (P value = 0.03) between stress and azoospermia was highlighted. Conclusion: This study showed that men with stress would be twice as likely to develop azoospermia (Odds Ratio = 2.24).


Keywords: Asthenozoospermia, Abnormality, Infertility, Spermogram, Spermocytogram



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