Journal of Infertility and Reproductive Biology, 2016, Volume 4, Issue3, Pages: 51-57  
The Importance of Fire Safety Knowledge: A Case  
Study in a Malaysian city  
Tuah Bin Basir, Shreeshivadasan Chelliapan*  
Department of Engineering, Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kuala Lumpur,  
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4100, Malaysia  
Received: 03/02/2016  
Accepted: 25/06/2016  
Published: 29/9/2016  
Abstract  
In recent years, there were several incidents of fire in schools in Malaysia. Fire-related coincidences often result in injuries and  
sometimes death, which can be prevented through fire safety training. Fire safety education is essential to every student on campus. Fire  
safety knowledge learning and operational practice are both important. The aspect of fire safety awareness is proven inadequate. This  
study focused on the importance of Fire Safety Knowledge in proposing a fire safety awareness program in Malaysia. For this study,  
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0% out of the total number student and staff was selected as the sample population. The two main objectives of the study were to  
identifiy the level of fire safety knowledge of students and staff in regard to emergency response; and proposed a fire safety awareness  
training program.  
Keywords: Fire Safety Knowledge, Malaysia, Emergency Response, Training  
Introduction1  
As the nation progressed and transformed itself from an  
explosions. The fire and explosions at Port Kelang on 20 June  
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992. Fire and explosion at Port Kelang was initiated by a fire  
on board a ship/tanker docking at the jetty of Tiram Kimia  
Sendirian Berhad (TKSB). The tanker, Choon Hong III was  
supposed to deliver 950 metric tons of toluene and 400 metric  
tons of xylene to consignees in Port Kelang. Because of the  
damaged starboard pump, the port pump and the same cargo  
line that was used to unload toluene was used to unload xylene.  
The areas that were affected by the fire were: parts of the TKSB  
jetty; the tank farm; storage area of drums of flammable  
materials of TKSB; the fire shed of TKSB where firefighting  
equipment was stored; some parts of TKSB’s office and  
production area and part of Royal Yacht Club. It caused the  
deaths of 13 people (Aini and Fakhru’l-Razi, 2009).  
Fire protection in schools and higher institutions should  
really begin at the very beginning i.e. during the conceptual  
planning stages of a particular project. Fire protection should  
not be considered as a mere facelift which may be superficially  
attached at the final stage or making the plant look more  
complete. Most planners would leave the fire protection task to  
engineering consultants and there is no doubt that these are the  
correct personnel to engage in design, construction and  
commissioning of physical fire protection facilities.  
Unfortunately, more often than not these personnel are not the  
first parties with whom planners make the initial contacts at the  
very earliest stage of a planned project.  
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, more than 130,000  
elementary and secondary schools, and about 4,200 higher-  
education institutions operate across the country. These  
learning centers educate an estimated 75 million children and  
adults each year. In Malaysia there are 9,922 elementary and  
secondary schools which educate an estimated 5,386,536  
students (Ministry of Education Malaysia, 2010). From a  
numbers standpoint alone, it is obvious that providing adequate  
fire- and life-safety protection is critical to the well-being of a  
multitude of students. Unfortunately, what should be a  
combined effort to increase the level of fire protection in  
agrarian to an industrialized nation, disasters associated with  
development and technology become more apparent. Malaysia  
had encountered various types of disaster and of varying  
magnitudes. Besides the negative impacts of disasters to life  
and properties, they present rare windows of opportunity to  
learn from past mistakes, make improvements for the future  
(Drabek, 1995) and prepare to avoid future crises (Richardson,  
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994). With the increased standards of living in the country,  
there is also less tolerance by the society to the accidents that  
involve multiple deaths and injuries, and major damage to  
properties and the environment. The challenge for the country  
is to be able to reduce the likelihood of disaster as the nation  
progress economically or minimize the impacts if it occurs.  
Help! Fire! The sounds of those words evoke fear into the  
heart of anyone whose property or safety is threatened by the  
impending danger of fire. Society has come to rely on fire  
departments as its first line of defense in these situations  
(NVFC, 2004). Fire at Taufiqiah Khairiah Al Halimiah School  
on 22 September 1989. According to the investigation by the  
commission, the fire started at around two o’clock in the  
morning, at the lower level of Block E of the girls’ hostel. The  
fire had destroyed eight hostel buildings, caused 27 deaths and  
six injuries to female students. Total lost was estimated to be  
around RM1.5 million. The fire and explosions at Bright  
Sparklers Sdn. Bhd. factory on 7 May 1991. On 7 May 1991, at  
approximately 3.45 p.m., a fire and several explosions erupted  
at the Bright Sparklers Sdn Bhd. fireworks factory at Kampong  
Baru, Sungai Buloh, and Selangor. Debris, stones, pieces of  
zinc roofs was hurled over a one kilometer radius. In the  
tragedy, 22 persons lost their lives while eight bodies pieces  
were unidentified and one person reported missing. In addition,  
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5 employees and 28 non-employees sustained injuries of  
varying degrees of seriousness. Over 500 residential homes and  
eight other factories nearby some of which were only about 10  
to 15 meters away were damaged as a result of the fire and  
Corresponding author: Shreeshivadasan Chelliapan, Department of Engineering, Razak Faculty of Technology and Informatics,  
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kuala Lumpur, 54100, Malaysia. E-mail: shreeshivadasan.kl@utm.my.  
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